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Designations List

St Kilda has received many national and international designations in recognition of its outstanding natural and cultural heritage.

1957 National Nature Reserve
National Nature Reserves (NNRs) are areas of land which are very important for nature conservation and which are managed with the intention of making sure their special nature is maintained and prospers.
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1976 Biosphere Reserve
Biosphere reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems which are Internationally recognised within the framework of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme.
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1979 Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act
Buildings and archaeological sites of national importance scheduled under the Acts. This requires legal protection and consent is required from the Scottish Ministers for any work that will lead to damage, demolition or destruction of the monument, any works of repair, removal or alteration and addition. This includes archaeological investigations or any alterations to or developments of the buildings.
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1981 National Scenic Area
National Scenic Areas are those areas of land considered of National significance on the basis of their outstanding scenic interest or unsurpassed attractiveness. They must be conserved as part of the country's natural heritage.
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1984 Site of Special Scientific Interest
Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) is the main nature conservation designation in Great Britain. These sites are special for their plants or animals or habitats, their rocks or landforms or a combination of these.
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1986 Scotland's first World Heritage Site
A natural or cultural site designated by the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO, as of 'outstanding universal value'.
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1992 European Community Special Protection Area
Special Protection Areas are areas designated by the European Community in what is commonly known as the Wild Birds Directive. The aim is to safeguard the habitats of migratory birds and certain particularly threatened species.
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Present    European Community Proposed Special Area of Conservation
Special Areas of Conservation are created under the European Directive on Habitats and Species. The Directive is a response to a recognised need within the EC to protect all forms of wildlife and their habitats.
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2003 World Heritage Site Revised Nomination
In February 2003 the Scottish Executive presented a revised nomination to Unesco seeking further inscription under the Cultural Criteria and Cultural Landscapes categories in recognition of the heritage of the islands and the unique example of Scottish historyand culture that they represent. Read further information and the entire Nomination document on the Nomination page.

2004 World Heritage Site Status Extended
In July 2004 the St Kilda World Heritage Site has been extended to include the surrounding marine environment by the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) World Heritage Committee at a meeting in Suzhou, China.

2005 Dual World Heritage Status Awarded
In July 2005 the St Kilda World Heritage Site was awarded Dual World Heritage Status, for its natural and cultural significance. Following the preparation of an extended Comparative Analysis, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, meeting in Durban, South Africa, accepted the extension to the existing marine and terrestrial natural heritage World Heritage inscriptions. The inscription will now include the 'cultural landscape' left by thousands of years of human occupation.


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